When constructing a pond for fish or wildlife, engineers employ a variety of structures that provide essential habitat.
The following list includes several structures that may be required, depending on the size, type and intended use of a pond.
- fish feeders
- pond aerators
- deep channels
- sloping shorelines
- brush piles
- fish attracting devices or artificial reef materials
- shoreline trees-shrubs
- submerged aquatic vegetation (sav)
- lily pads (spatterdock)
Other features such as aerators, brush piles, and populations of fish can be placed and supplemented in later phases.
With almost any pond design, size is the most critical factor. Some designs, such as stock tank type ponds, provide some ability to expand the pond size or increase depth.
In some applications, nearby structures will also be required such as food plots for attracting and sustaining migratory waterfowl.